Chilli is considered as one of the most important commercial spice crops and is widely used universal
spice, named as wonder spice. Different varieties are cultivated for varied uses like vegetable,
pickles, spice and condiments. Chilli (botanically known as Capsicum annuum L.; Capsicum
frutescene L.), also called red pepper belongs to the genus capsicum, under the solanaceae family. It
is believed to have originated in South America. Chillies are referred to as chillies, chile, hot peppers,
bell peppers, red peppers, pod peppers, cayenne peppers, paprika, pimento, and capsicum in
different parts of the world.
USA : Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Texas, South Dakota, Alaska, Florida, etc.
Middle East : Yemen, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Israel, Kuwait, Oman, Cyprus, Saudi Arabia, etc.
Europe : Italy, Poland, Sweden, Austria, Finland, Croatia, Monaco, Andorra, Malta, Albania, etc.
Others : China, Myanmar, Nepal, Maldives, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Pakistan, UK etc.
Indian Areas : Bihar, Assam, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Mumbai, Orissa, Punjab, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Sikkim, West Bengal, Haryana, Andhra Pradesh, etc.